Social Capital in the Spanish-Portuguese Border: The Model of the Raya Extremeña
Monago Lozano, Francisco Javier
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY PhD student UNIVERSITY OF EXTREMADURA SPAIN,
Perez Rubio, José António
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY. Professor of sociology UNIVERSITY OF EXTREMADURA SPAIN, http://www.unex.es/feet/
Extremadura is a paradigm and standard in collaboration with the Portuguese border towns. This collaborative ties or social networks, generate a high social capital in social relations and a beneficial development. Hence, the basic objective that we pursue, is to analyze the state which is the capital of Extremadura in the line, focusing on rural areas on both sides of the border, through the perceptions of actors involved in development strategies rural.
Indirectly it is to delve into the foundations of the formation of social capital and to determine the degree of development capital that is the future of rural development policies, to implement ways to promote collective action in rural communities across borders.
The perspective from which we will be contributing to social capital development programs, is to avoid the bias that many economist of those programs have. Since it is repeatedly found evidence that the experiences of development, whose main objective was economic progress, ignoring the citizens' ability to implement strategies for social progress and preventing factors involved multiple aspects (social, economic, cultural) have failed.
We support that social capital has emerged in response to the failures of the economistic ideas of development, and articulates a series of interactions or social networks among individuals, groups and institutions that can foster development. We highlight three interrelated aspects: culture, social structure and development as factors that influence, generate and play skills, attitudes and skills of the population, level of participation in governance, etc..
The empirical study we have made seeks access to the knowledge of some aspects related to the development of social reality, with major impact on the level of participation and partnership of the inhabitants of the area, using techniques of qualitative social research, with quantitative simulation with designed to implement a model for analysis of the peculiarities and characteristics of the capital of the county border of Extremadura and Beira Interior Norte, linked to the perceptions of relevant actors and institutions on its inhabitants.