Public Consultations and Democracy: The Case of GMOs in the EU
Public Choice Research Centre (PCRC) University of Turku Turku, Finland
Department of Philosophy University of Turku Turku, Finland
The paper highlights a democracy deficit in public consultation practices on the deliberate release and placing on the market of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the European Union (EU) by focusing on the case of Finland. In particular, GMO consultation practices are assessed in regard to three prerequisites for a democratic decision-making procedure: availability of information, possibility to affect decisions, and the transparency of decision-making process. It is argued that in its current form, GMO consultation fails to meet these basic requirements.