The role of home help in the field of formal care for older people in Slovenia
- Social Protection Institute of Republic of Slovenia Ljubljana, Slovenia
- Social Protection Institute of the Republic of Slovenia Ljubljana, Slovenia
Care for older people in Slovenia was initially based on residential care, mainly in old age homes that also have the longest tradition. On the other hand, community care services developed more intensively only in nineties, especially home help. Nowadays Slovenia, like other European countries, strives to assure such living conditions that would enable older people to live independently at home as long as possible. In this regard, home help became the strongest and most developed social care service and has an important role for people that are due to different reasons (age, invalidity) not capable to take care (domestic and personal care) for themselves. Also, home help as the main social care service in community care has (should have) significant influence on decreasing the pressure on services in residential care. In every regard, home help is still not enough approachable (formally and geographically) to all people who need that kind of services. There is a great need and demanding task to develop, support and expand the service of home help. Consequently, The Social Protection Institute of the Republic of Slovenia started to monitor the implementation of home help on yearly basis. The monitoring embraces all municipalities. Recently this is the only quantitative analysis that is based on 100 % response rate and the results arouse a big interest in the professional public.
The paper outlines the circumstances of care for older people and the possible services within residential and community care. The main focus will refer to different aspects of the home help implementation (providers, users, funding, different services). The paper presents main constraints of home help regulation and practice in Slovenia and also the main challenges and trends in this field.