The Role of the Media in Spreading Prejudice
Comini Cesar, Maria Eugenia
Sociology Universita degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo Pesaro, Italy
Wanderley Junior, Bruno
Law Universidade Catolica de Minas Gerais Belo Horizonte, Brazil
The European Union, established by the Treaty of Maastricht, represents an economical and political union of 27 member states. Through the creation of the single market almost 500 million people got to know the freedom of movement and the possibility to reach higher life standards. Most countries adopted the same currency in order to facilitate the commercial activities and this relocation of its population.
Even though Europeans citizens have the legal right to move anywhere they want within the European borders, the phantom is not illegal immigration anymore, but the prejudice they are exposed to, sometimes even stimulated by the governments and the media. The notion of the nation state has not been overcome yet, even though it contradicts the idea of the European Union in its essence. Home should be the whole continent and not only a persons´ national state.
Nowadays Italy has been living a drastic moment in what concerns immigration and the prejudice that it involves. Crimes happen at all times in big cities, but the repercussion media gives about the nationalities of the criminals, especially when the crime is committed by a Rumanian, is so evident in certain circumstances that it leads to the sad phenomena of xenophobia.
Thus, the media has been promoting a lot on damage to the Rumanians' image and creating the stereotype that leads to urban violence and exclusion.
This article is focused on identifying the role of the media in the spread of prejudice and the creation of stereotypes that damage the European "dream" to create a single citizenship and the real mobility of people.