Using semi-structured interview and focus group interview in research of social stigma
The Sociology of Organization and Management Department University of Lodz Lodz, Poland
The main aim of this paper is to present selected qualitative methods in research of social stigma phenomenon. I want to describe my findings according to usefulness of techniques used in the study of this issue and also some primary conclusions according to conditions of social stigma phenomenon. There will be described some methodological findings that relate to these both techniques in the context of stigma research. I want to answer the questions: what is the difference between semi-structured interview and focus group interview according to data obtained? What kind of difficulties may occur in research process in case of these both techniques and how to deal with them? How to stimulate interviewed people encouraging them to express their opinion? How to go through declared superficial opinions and deepen obtained information? What kind of data can be obtained using individual and group interviews?
My conclusions base on forty semi-structured interviews and eight focus group interviews applied in the study of circumstances that lie under public perception of people who served a prison sentence. I used some visual and audio materials to obtain information about ex criminals? perception.