The Political Project of the Communist Re-foundation in Italy: Sociology of a Party in movement
de Nardis, Fabio
Social Sciences and Communication University of Salento Lecce, Italy
Social movements has been usually conformed to traditional party families. In particular, students and workers movements have often singled out left parties as strong allies determining several cases of multiple belongings. Notwithstanding this, the relationship between left parties and social movements has been always on strained terms, like a sort of conflictual cooperation. Movement's activists are usually wary of the bureaucratic structures of the parties. They prefer lighter forms of organization in informal networks no compatible with hierarchic logics of power typical for a political party. But in Italy during the last years It's been possible to observe the structuring and then the partial de-structuring of a close bond between the movement for a global justice (and other local movements) and the Refoundation Communist Party (Prc). Since 1999, with the 4th National Congress, Prc started to debate some principles of classic Leninism through a critic re-reading of the communist experiences of the XX century and the consequent consciousness of the communist no-self-sufficiency. After this, the leaders of the party could throw out the new strategy of an horizontal link to social movements, confirmed by 5th and 6th National Congresses. The relationship between Prc and social movements seem to go on without particular problems until the participation of Prc to the center-left govern in a pretty moderate coalition.
This paper intend to analyse the dynamics of this hard relationship by using, on one hand, the data from a survey carried out during the last four European Social Forum regarding the attitude of Italian movement activists on their relationship with traditional political institutions and organizations; on the other hand, we will analyse the interior debate of the Refoundation Communist Party, in the field of the European Left, by using documents published in occasion of the 7th National Congress with particular regard to the articles published on the party's newspaper "Liberazione" for the tribune of the Congress. All the documents will be analysed with a specific computer program for content analysis.