Socio-demographic characteristics and gender expectations in transition: the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Social psychology University of Banja Luka, Faculty of philosophy Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Department of English language and literature University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Philosophy Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is an interesting case study for observing the changing gender roles and expectations as a tumultuous region marked by the patriarchal Balkan tradition, post-WWII modernity that resulted in paid labor and emancipation for Bosnian women, and the most recent, postwar and transitional context, which makes lives difficult both for men and women.
In this multidisciplinary study we analyze quantitative socio-demographic data on attitudes of 1966 respondents conducted in 2008 with respect to gender roles and expectations about work, family and perceived success in life.
This analysis is then supplanted and enriched with the qualitative data obtained from 6 different social strata or classes the researchers believed to be the most representative of women in BiH: boutique workers as the new working class that emerged in transition, the rural women, the middle class urban women with children, the childless/feminist/lesbian/high professional women, the female students, and the unemployed women. To give a more precise diagnosis of BiH society's gender (in)equality, we look at the ways in which gender roles and expectations change with respect to different variables such as income, rural or urban place of origin, age and gender.