Thirty-Somethings: The First European Generation? A comparison of family and gender attitudes and practices
Finnish Social Science Data Archive University of Tampere Finland,
Department of Social Reserach University of Tampere Tampere University, Finalnd
We hypothesise that the cohort born in 1965-1974 could form a generation in the Mannheimian sense. We compare them with two earlier ten-year cohorts in France, Poland, and Spain trying to find generation, age, and period effects. Using World Values Survey (years 1990 and 1999) and International Social Survey Programme (2002) and statistical data, we find evidence on generation and period effects: The younger cohort's permissiveness towards alternative forms of couple formation, women's participation in working life and its effect on children (generation effect). Similar trends are revealed in all three cohorts (period effect) and case countries. In most issues, the country specific differences remained.