Creative Cities: An opportunity of regeneration
Instituto de Ciências Sociais Universidade de Lisboa - Instituto de Ciências Sociais Lisbon, Portugal
Cruz, Ana Rita
Centro Regional para a Inovação do Algarve Universidade do Algarve Faro, Portugal
The increased recognition of economic crisis impacts on opportunity structure lead to an understanding of the importance of analysing the territorial regeneration factors. However, the origin and the agents that influence changes might be found in multiple 'locus': a demanding civil society that participates through new channels, the intense pressure of tourism markets and the claims of private agents on urban regeneration.
The deep changes on economic and urban paradigms of growth and development, are the framework for the 'creative cities'. In what concerns the regeneration of cities, two main trends emerge. The first is the relevance of 'ludic' and leisure dimensions and the growing recognition of the 'cultural cluster' and their actors on the role of creativity on territorial regeneration specialized functions. The second trend is the emergence of a set of values and attitudes which could be considered as 'social liberalism'. Florida (2002) on his well-know work sustains that territories struggle to develop an attractive setting to the 'creative class'. To accomplish this goal, territories should promote tolerance, talent and technology.
This communication discusses the 'creative territories', starting to be recognized as important elements of the competitiveness of nations and regions, mainly due to its regeneration potentialities, reconversion and creation of innovative spaces and added value to products and ideas.