Cosmopolitism in Spanish society - An analysis of its profiles and determining factors
Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology University of Valencia Spain, http://www.uv.es
During the past few years, various sociological analyses have encouraged the hope that deterritorialization tendencies distancing individuals from their attachment to their territorially defined cultures could awaken a general cultural disposition toward greater openness to the world (Tomlinson, 2001: 234). From this perspective, the introduction of technology and mass media in the home, the growing multi-culturalism, the globalization of consumer habits, and the increase in geographic mobility and tourism to foreign countries would foment the creation of a series of everyday practices and competencies that would circulate with a high degree of interdependence and globality (Beck, 2005: 62).
Based on the results of a survey carried out in May of 2005 with a sample of 2480 Spanish adults, this communication examines the distribution of cosmopolitism in Spanish society and its determining factors. To achieve these objectives, various multivariate statistical techniques were applied. In the first place, based on the theoretical proposals by Szerszynski and Urry (2002: 470), Noya (2005), Skrbis and Woodward (2007: 732) and Bilbeny (2007), three components were identified that form the empirical structure of cosmopolitism in Spanish society. Second, by applying cluster analysis, a typology of the Spanish population was obtained with regard to the components of cosmopolitism. Finally, the multiple lineal regression technique was used to identify the socio-demographic and attitudinal variables that demonstrate a greater influence on the diverse components of cosmopolitism.
The communication concludes with a theoretical reflection on the types of cosmopolitism identified, as well as an analysis of the aspects that facilitate and impede its development in Spanish society. Finally, some suggestions are offered about the aspects to approach in future sociological studies.