Cultural and Political Identity of Europe and the Problem of Multiculturalism
Philosophy Nicolaus Copernicus University Toru?, Poland
The main thesis of the of the paper is that Europe is always a question of a will and imagination and not simply identification of features which just wait to be revealed. To put it in another way, Europe is always a certain construct which is built to fulfill some ethical and political interests. Such a construct is especially needed when a crisis concerning the relation between Europe (European culture) and some other regions (cultures) occurs. Author of the paper first tries to build such a construct of European culture, in order to confront it with the ideology and social practice of multiculturalism next. He presents some ethical and political dilemmas linked with the problem of alleged axiological equity of all cultures. (Such an equity lies at the bottom of ideology of multiculturalism). The main question which he puts is: how to make European culture and social practice as inclusive as possible without resignation of its ethical and political identity? He shows that making European culture maximally inclusive should not be identified with resignation of its ethical and political principles. In that sense he argues in favor of modest and ethically decent Eurocentrism.