«Public sociology» in the past and the present: update of coordinates
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Department of Sociology Peoples' Friendship University of Russia Moscow, Russia
This paper is thematically closely connected with the general context of the newest discussion on intellectual project of «public sociology» suggested by well-known American sociologist Michael Burawoy. The genealogy of ideas describing various approaches to definition of public mission and applicability of a sociological science is schematically reconstructed in the paper. There are also examined a solving the designated question in early sociological doctrines (positivism, marxism), the Max Weber's theory «science as a vocation», the Frankfurt school critical theory, structural functionalism, alternative and reflexive sociology, and a number of other sociological paradigms. At the same time debates about a socially and public role of sociology are considered as a specific variation of theoretical and methodological polemic about the valuable bases of social sciences and humanities, a role of value-judgments in researches of social scientists, a correlation of scientific and ideological, objective and subjective, instrumental and critical components in structure of sociological knowledge.