Analysis of a Social Movement Transformation and Outcome: The Case of the Grassroots Movement Against Goldmining in the Villages of Bergama, Turkey
PSYCHOLOGY BEYKENT UNIVERSITY ISTANBUL, TURKEY
This paper explores the grassroots movement against goldmining
in the agricultural villages of Bergama, Turkey, and provides a conceptual analysis of its transformation process and outcome. The struggle of Bergama villagers started out as a local ecological resistance movement in the early 1990s and gradually transformed into
an environmental justice movement with national implications when activists adopted a
rights-based discourse by incorporating into their claims the notions of justice,
democratic participation, and citizenship rights. The paper reviews the movement in four distinct phases. Following a synopsis of these phases the paper provides a theoretically-informed analysis of the case with a focus on movement transformation and outcome.