Spatial dimension of risk at major events: the case study of Geneva during Euro 2008
ESpRi - Etude de la spatialité des risques Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Lausanne, Switzerland
This abstract corresponds to a thesis project that targets questions of laying out, of welcoming, of security and crowd management asked by the organisation of major contemporary events, based on two case studies, a music festival (Paléo Festival Nyon - Switzerland) and a sports event (Euro 2008 in the host-city of Geneva - Switzerland). In the Framework of this research, we will interest ourselves at the manner an event incurs a temporary rearrangement of the space in a physical dimension (deployement of security barriers, road closures, arrangement of special transport measures, etc.), and at the specific social and policing management (deployement of a reinforced surveillance, police presence, welcoming and security policies). This project aims to understand the manner in which the actors of a major event are brought to integrate the risks and security questions in the organisation of the event. Among the numerous questions that we ask ourselves, some particularly concerns the management of the event´s participants (fans and supporters, visitors with ou without tickets, neighbours, etc.), the temporary urban installations specifically installed for the event (redefining traffic plans, pedestrian walkways) and the management of designated meeting points. It is thus a question for us to analyse the security Handling of an event in all its aspects, not only in the festival sight or stadium but also in the movements of participants or their gathering in public areas. In terms of objectives, this research aims to shed light on the general security and welcoming measures for major contemporary events but also in fine to think on the application of planning and urbanism measures (ephemeral or more long-lasting) integrating strong security preoccupations.