Opinions and Attitudes of Modern Russian Youth
Sociology of education and youth Institute of sociology RAS Moscow, Russia
Today in the higher educational institutions of Russia the emphasis has been again placed on the educational work with students, the great value is given to patriotism education as an important component of civil culture. However, here it is necessary to consider that corresponding value structures are formed in so-called primary socialization of an individual, by 18-20 years, and then remain stable enough. In this connection it is a pressing question with what "luggage" of values, valuable views and behavioral attitudes in relation to the Native Land the tomorrow's students will come to the Russian high schools.
In March-May 2007 we had spent a poll of 500 senior pupils on inter-regional sample (Belgorod, Magadan, Nizhnevartovsk, Moscow suburbs, Tver). The conducted research has shown that the major symbol feeding the patriotic views and attitudes of young people till now is to be the Great Patriotic War and the Victory of 1945. So, 83.9 % of respondents consider the Victory Day on May 9 "as holidays personally for themselves", and 55.8 % ? the Day of the defender of the Fatherland on February 23. It underlines an exclusive urgency of the given subjects and the cultural layer connected with it for education of effective love and respect for the Native Land, but also causes the known alarm as the ideology of patriotism practically does not develop in Russia and does not integrate new senses into it. The indirect but the significant indicators of the vacuum of actual patriotic senses is to be the uncertainty of the criteria of patriotic behavior: so, almost half (47.9 %) of the asked on a projective question "what they would make, if they had a boundless possibility to prove themselves as patriots of Russia", have answered I "do not know". Before us there is very difficult task of connection of a traditional "military" kernel of patriotic education with essentially new semantic codes displaying perspective postindustrial values and attitudes.