New and future cultural consumers: The Cultural Consumption and Practices of children aged 6-14 in Catalonia Survey
Mosteiro Molina, Sergio
Ministry of Culture and the Media Government of Catalonia Spain, http://www.gencat.cat/cultura
The question about cultural consumption and childhood and adolescence is of present interest and scientifically challenge. The fact that children now represent a considerable market for producers and retailers of some cultural goods might be well known, but the experience and the significance of consumption to their lives, as well as its sociological dimension, is not.
In 2008, the Ministry of Culture and the Media of Catalonia carried out, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education and the Statistical Institute, the Cultural Consumption and Practices of Children aged 6-14 in Catalonia Survey, which has been the first attempt, not only within Catalonia, but also within Spain, to undertake a systematic and panoramic analysis of the cultural habits of young people between 6 and 14 years old, asking batteries of questions in key areas of cultural activity, including museums, heritage, libraries, archives, reading, visual arts, performing arts, music and concerts, radio and television, computers, videogames, the Internet and mobile phones.
The sample was obtained using a cluster random sampling procedure with previous stratification, and 3.000 children and adolescents were interviewed. Given this population cohort?s features, some methodological novelties were introduced. Moreover, apart from the general questionnaire, two additional questionnaires were conducted: one on the parents and another on the schools, so transversal comparisons can be established.
Using this empirical data, this article will yield a better understanding of the role of young people in processes of cultural consumption through the discussion of four main ideas:
1) Gender. Does still gender have effect on cultural habits, or are those traditional differences becoming to erode?
2) Socialization. How and to what extent does primary socialization and generational transmission contribute to the reproduction of cultural practices?
3) Immigration. Do significant differences exist among children according to their ?or their parents- origin?
4) Technology. Is technology a substitute or a complement to traditional cultural activities?