An Exercise in Symbolic Geography: A Cultural Map of Serbia
Communication Studies California State University, San Bernardino San Bernardino, CA, USA
Faculty of Philosophy University of Nis Nis, Serbia
Our article is based on the data from the 2005 survey "Cultural Needs, Habits and Taste of Citizens of Serbia and Macedonia" conducted (in Serbia) on a national proportional sample of 1364 interviewees. Using Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA), we first reconstruct the field of cultural styles as reflected in individual cultural needs (motivation for participation in cultural activities), cultural habits (actual participation in cultural activities), cultural knowledge and aesthetic preferences. Second, following Michele Lamont´s interpretation of cultural capital as an exclusionary device (1988; 1992), we then examined how these cultural styles are distributed along the four axes alongside which exclusionary (closure) and usurpation strategies are carried out in Serbia: between the educated and the uneducated; between the urban population on one hand and the recently urbanized and rural population on the other; between the population of the (European) North of the country and the (Oriental) South, and between "cosmopolitans" and "patriots".