The control measures directed against victims of human trafficking and procured women in Finland
HEUNI European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, affiliated with the United Nations (HEUNI) Helsinki, Finland
A joint Finnish-Swedish-Estonian study completed in 2008 analysed the connections between organised crime and human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The aim of the study was to map the trafficking process and describe it from the recruitment in the source country through the transport to the procuring taking place in the destination country. The aim was also to study criminal actors and organisations involved in human trafficking and organised procuring.
This paper discusses prostitution-related human trafficking and procuring situation in Finland in the 2000s. Finland is studied as a destination country to which foreign women mainly coming from the adjacent region are brought to sell sexual services. The presentation focuses particularly on the means of control that the criminal actors direct at the procured women.
There are not many indications of total "prison-like" conditions regarding the prostitutes in Finland, but there is evidence of serious human rights violations regarding e.g. the circumstances and conditions where women are prostituting themselves. The traffickers and procurers use different means of control. Strict rules and long days, fines and large percentages of the earnings going to the criminal organisation, debt bondage, force, threats and lack of right to choose when to give up prostitution are common ways of controlling the procured women.