Professionalism as Justification
Dipartimento di Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale Università degli studi di Trento Cerro Maggiore, Italy
The sociology of work and more specifically sociology of professions has still to build a paradigm in order to take in account the new services professions, which importance in the contemporary economy has been enlightened since the post-industrial turn in literature. In fact, the attention of sociologists of professions is still focused at a micro level upon liberal professions and at macro level they still attempt to build a systemic view of the professions, without offering an explanation for the peculiarity of the new professions. On the other hand, sociologists of work is leaded by the so called ?the end of work? paradigm, which enlighten fragmentation and individualization of workers? identities, starting from the idea that work as a dimension of social cohesion has lost its importance in the contemporary economic.
This paper contributes to fulfil these theoretical gaps by proposing a new paradigm in order to take an account the new services workers like professionals, with their peculiarities identified in the lacking of institutionalization and the focus towards organizations (while liberal professions were focus upon individual clients). The approach here proposed will follow the theoretical proposal of professionalism as discourse set of values and identities with the reprising of the idea of justification. Professionalism as Justification allows to emphasize the linguistic and moral procedures that individuals offers in order to motivate their actions and justificate their position in society, thanks to the reference to standard models activate in a contextualized situation in which action develop.