Nuclear culture in Spain
González Rodríguez, Benjamín
Sociology University of A Coruña A Coruña, Spain
This paper aims at looking for the main social and psychological features underlying the nuclear culture in those countries. Specifically, we carried out a study to detect, among other things, (1) people´s perceived level of information about radioactive waste (subjective); (2) main sources of information that people trust, both in Spain and the EC; (3) people´s knowledge of radioactive waste (objective); (4) given reasons for not yet having solved the permanent wastes disposal; (5) main perceived risks in the daily handling of radioactive waste; (6) degree of worry and concern about radioactive waste. Our key interest in this research had to do also with finding whether people living close to nuclear plants had ideas, feelings and worries contrasting to those of people living far away from these nuclear facilities. Our main finding in this regard was that structural/objective variables (age, sex, income, education, zone of residence, professional activity) did not account for the variation of the people´s objective knowledge of radioactive waste, whereas the same variables did account for the people´s variation in subjective perceptions of radioactive waste. By the way, as compared to most other EC countries, Spain did tend to score lower in its degree of information and knowledge about radioactive waste issues.