9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN07 Sociology of Culture

2009-09-03 09:00:00 2009-09-03 10:30:00 Thursday, 3 September 09:00 - 10:30 European and National Identities Building II, C4.06

The process of European integration. Perceptions and evaluations of italian military élite

Two processes regarding European Union have marked recent years: the new enlargements and the events related to the signature of the ?Treaty instituting a Constitution for Europe? (2004), blocked in 2005 by negative results of French and Dutch referenda and by UK?s decision to stop sine die the process of ratification, till the signature of the new Treaty, formally not constitutional, that took place in Lisbon in december 2007, which ?modifies? but does not ?substitute? the previous Treaties.
This paper aims to present the main results of a research program, whose title was ?The process of European integration. Perceptions and evaluations of italian military élite?, presented by the authors and financed by Italian National Research Council (CNR), within a Program promoting research activities by young researchers.
The paper will particularly focus on the results of the analysis of a questionnaire administered to 153 members of italian miitary élite, provided with specific experiences of internationalisation (officers members of SMD ? ?Stato Maggiore della Difesa? - and officers students of ISSMI - ?Istituto Superiore di Stato Maggiore Interforze? in Rome). The aim of the research was to throw light on the levels of interest and information of this specific section of italian population towards the process of european integration, with a special regard to processes of enlargement and constitutionalisation. The main object of investigation has been the identification of the role played by different tipologies of factors ? individual (level of interest and information on those themes), structural (sense of belonging and level of integration in the military institution), relational (importance of social capital), mediatic (comparison between media image and direct interaction with people from EU and not-EU countries, for istance by participation in international missions) ? in the structuring of information, perceptions and evaluations of the interviewed about the phenomena considered, with a special regard on the comparison between direct and mediated experience of the same events. The project is in line with an international research context, within which a significant role is played by Eurobarometer, which has sistematically followed the state and development of european public opinion since 1974.