Embodiment and observer's gaze. The methods of research on climbing activities
Method's and Technique's of Social Research Department Lodz University Lodz, Poland
The research on climbing is mainly based on interviews and analysis of textual data. However the action of climbing is mainly connected with the experience of bodily movement, restraints, suffering, touching the physical objects, technical competencies of performing some movements, body handicaps, etc. The experiences are very often not fully in the consciousness of the climbers and not orally elaborated. They are embodied and continuously practiced and generally are made visible by action, if somebody watches them. The visual data are needed then to catch the essence of climbing. The analyzing the bodily movement and experiences is connected with the situation: who gaze, for what, what the lenses are used to see, what kind of reports are from seeing the climbing? For whom the reports are done? These questions are methodological questions connected with ?the situation of observation? that is a base for generating data for analysis. Some visual recordings of climbing are done by journalists, tourists, professional movie makers, climbers, researchers, bystanders, etc. Their gazes and perspectives are different. What makes the difference? How to compare the data produced by different kind of data ?capters?? What is the methodological status of these data? Should we take into consideration the context of producing the data? What about the visual patterns of the specific social worlds where the data are produced? These questions structure the proposed methodological paper.