Tolerance as a Condition of Stable Relations
Social Anthropology Russian State Social University Moscow, Russia
The mass flow of ethnic migrants to Russia has generated a new social phenomenon - migrantophobia. The analysis of the character and contents of migrantophobia shows, that the structure of phobias is represented by the semantic structures cultivated in the natives' consciousness: 1 )number of migrants is much more, than the official statistics reports; 2) migrants strive to use what is made by us and that is why belongs only to us; 3) "they" use and reduce our resources; 4) "they" reduce our opportunities of self-realization in economic activities because they are more active and entrepreneurial and they possess big financial opportunities; 5) "they" are neither planned, nor expected, and that is why are not included in our infrastructure (schools, hospitals, transport, benefits, pensions, etc.) ; 6) "they" are more criminal, than we are and they threaten our safety; 7) "they" settle in our territory and thus they attempt it, threaten us and reduce our vital space; 8) "they" threaten our political stability and independence and demand representation in different authorities; 9) "they" are our cultural aliens and threaten our culture (they do not know and do not want to know our language, do not observe our customs and traditions); 10) "they" threaten our social status (they behave freely, impudently as owners; they have everything they want; they live better, than we do); 11) "they" purposefully settle in frontier regions, near to strategic objects and thus they create potential threat to the national safety of Russia; 12) "they" threaten our unity and integrity of the Russian Federation; 13) "they" want to receive a legal status to own our land, etc.