Impact of migration on social participation
The Research Institute for Quality of Life Romanian Academy of Science Bucharest, Romania
The Research Institute for Quality of Life Romanian Academy of Science Romania, http://www.iccv.ro
Recent papers conceive social capital, particularly participation in associations and social participation (involvement in social networks), as being determined both by individual level factors and contextual characteristics (Schofer/Fourcade-Gourinchas, 2001, Curtis et al., 2001; Fidrmuc/Gërxhani, 2008; Meulemann, 2008; van der Meer et al, 2008). They converge in presenting evidences that when considering explaining the production of social capital at individual level, the individual factors are more important than the societal ones.
This paper considers a similar approach, focusing on the participation in formal associations of new and second-generation migrants, in European countries.
We consider a model of producing participation that involves at country level two types of mechanisms, related to the social order, respectively to the social opportunities (Meulemann, 2008). At individual level, we consider four types of factors: (a) existing resources, constraints and opportunities; (b) defining the situation according to the individual perceptions and representations; (c) values and ideologies; (d) other manifestation of BrSC (Voicu, 2009).
Past individual experience creates various resources and constraints for involvement in formal associations. New immigrants, lacking connections and knowledge about their new society, are likely to have lower probability to involve in associations. On the other hand, second generation migrants often do not integrate in the host society, and have a lower probability to participate to the social life.
Using large scale datasets and multilevel regression analysis, we test these two hypothesis, considering involvement in any king of association. Secondly, we consider involvement in various kinds of statutory associations, considering the existing classifications (Schofer/Fourcade-Gourinchas, 2001, Curtis et al., 2001; Meulemann, 2008; etc.) and construct and test the validity of specific explanations for the specific immigrant behavior related to these types of associations.