Studying the Role of Professional Associations in the Process of Healers Professionalization
International Department Affiliation of Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Sociology of RAS Code, Russia
Studying dynamics of the professional status of specialists of traditional medicine, we should concern such prominent aspect, as activity of professional associations. The conducted research in three large regions of Russia - Moscow, Saratov and Balashov, Syktyvkar and Vylgort, has shown that there are no associations in Balashov and Vylgot, some regional branches of the Moscow associations operate in Saratov and Syktyvkar. More than ten professional associations functions in Moscow: Moscow Professional Association of Manual Therapists, Public Association of Reflex Therapists, Russian Homeopath Association, World Association of Psychologists, Doctors, Spiritual and Folk Healers, etc. Although a law on public organizations has been already issued which stipulates what associations can independently address, basically all activity is regulated by the Ministry of Health and Social Development. According to estimations of respondents, the role of associations is scanty. In our opinion, only World Association of Psychologists, Doctors, Spiritual and Folk Healers corresponds to all canons of the western classical model of professional association.
Lets consider the activity of this association in more details. The program includes a number of actions and the directions which purpose is defining a current state of truly traditional national healing and position of operating specialists in the field of national medicine, and also the organization and realization of the series of measures, directed on streamlining of activity of healers in a legal field and effective increase of professionalism of specialists and quality of healing services rendered by them. The actions include 10 items and directions contain 6 items.
The offered program provides the decision of questions of a scientific substantiation and the legal status of national healing. In a final variant the decision of a problem of healing should provide also questions of the official organization of service of healing as one of kinds of rendering of the medical help to the population.
Performance of the offered program can be assigned both to official public services of medical aid to the population and on the noncommercial organizations existing now uniting supporters and specialists of traditional national medicine.