Eco-social images and simulacra of transforming societies (Russian and Moldavian examples)
Vice-rector International Independent University of Environmental and Political Sciences Moscow, Russia
Manolache, Konstantin M.
Centre of Strategic Research, Director Academy of Science of Moldova Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
The present study explored the phenomenon of contemporary social and ecological problems in Russian and Moldavian societies which are on their way of transformation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the elaboration of theoretical-methodological basics and methods of sociological surveys of modern socio-ecological dimension of changing Russia and other European countries in Post-Soviet area, as well as eco-social images and simulacra as determinants of structurization of their socio-ecological dimension. One of the main characteristics of the socio-ecological dimension of contemporary Russia and Moldova is weak structure which is showed in unfinished institualization of socio-ecological interests of different social groups and stratas.
Such specific phenomenons as images and simulacra have a significant influence on a public consciousness and social actions of different elements of societies in transition. Their meaning in structuring of socio-ecological dimension is actualized by insufficient objective natural-science knowledge in the sphere of environment and the newness of socio-ecological problems for the public consciousness as well as the competitiveness of informational field of environmental decision-making.
Since 2006 till now the complex comparative sociological research devoted to these issues is undertaken in Russia and Moldova. Undoubtedly, some of these phenomenons are relatively inaccessible for direct observation and measuring. However, the authors have aimed to gain a fresh perspective and to explore the issues of ecological problems by using of content-analysis of mass-media devoted to ecological situation and expert survey. The conception of reflection of ecological environment to social behavior, orientations and system of values of different groups of population was developed and the reflection of these factors to people was analysed.