Total Capital of the Youth in Latvia
Institute of Social Investigations University of Daugavpils http://sociovm.dau.lv/,
Ms. Boronenko, Vera
Institute of Social Investigations University of Daugavpils Daugavpils, Latvia
At the end of the 20th century - in the beginning of the 21st century, the theory of capital, an enormous contribution to the development of which belongs to P.Bourdieu, has been being used more often. In the given article the necessity and possibility of the bolder use of the theory of capital for the analysis and estimation of the situation in different spheres of public life are substantiated. In particular, in the project "Paradigms of Education: Sociological approach", carried out in 2008 by the sociologists of the Institute of Social Investigations at Daugavpils University, a significant part was assigned to the theory of capital. It was supposed to find out how different factors of capital influenced the living strategies of the young and which paradigm of education met the challenges of the 21st century. The aim of the investigation was to overcome the fragmentariness of the use of the theory of capital. In order to achieve the aim an extensive classification of the types of capital was worked out, the indicators of their measuring were introduced. The determination of the volume of total capital and of its separate types, the age specificity of real and desirable resources and their use realizing living strategies, the basic factors that determine the total capital of a personality and the dynamics of its structure in different age groups of the young present the novelty of the given investigation.
On the whole, the empirical data have proved the hypothesis: the volume of capital of a personality depends on the level of education, the level of income and the chosen living strategy. The increase of total capital may be found in all three age groups of the youth aimed at the strategy of success.