Moral ties and market constraints. On the professionalization within the cultural industries in Germany and Great Britain
Institute Labour and Economy University of Bremen Bremen, Germany
The paper addresses the tendencies of professionalization within the field of cultural and creative work in a comparative perspective. The main theoretical focus lies on the relation between value orientation and the handling of market forces within an increasingly competitive environment on a national and international level. Findings presented are based on a comparative approach between Germany and the UK. The German model of ?cultural professions?, which emerged in West Germany after the Second World War, is characterized by a particular institutional frame of welfare state regulations and cultural policy. The British case is determined by a more liberal tradition, in terms of cultural perceptions and the organization of ?culture production? and creative work. In my paper I am going to show how the relation of ?moral ties? and ?market? is mirrored in economic and institutional structures and might be identified empirically on the level of cultural professionals in both cases. It is assumed that the most crucial changes might be identified regarding the primarily British phenomenon of the Cultural Industries, which became a paradigm of cultural policy all over Europe, even for the development of the cultural sector in Germany.