Inequalities among the "Disadvantaged" - Youth with Lower School Qualifications and their Transition Patterns into Vocational Training in Germany
Social and Political Sciences / Max Weber Programme European University Institute San Domenico di Fiesole, Italy
The Second National Report on Education published in May 2008 in Germany states that even if controlled for several individual background characteristics in comparison to native-borns for 2nd/3rd generation immigrants it is less probable to attend higher secondary school tracks (p. 157-158). This leads to a concentration of young people from immigrant families in school types offering lower educational certificates. Furthermore, the report makes clear that the lower the educational degree obtained, the higher the chances of having problems in finding a place in vocational education and training (VET). But what if we compare native-born and migrant youth who all have "just" lower school degrees? Are there any differences between them with respect to the transition into VET'
Departing from these basic questions, at the Bi-Annual ESA Meeting 2009 in Lisbon I would like to present some selected results from my completed PhD thesis, in which I compared native-born and immigrant youth's inclusion into the VET system in Germany and analysed related public policy approaches. In my presentation the focus is going to be on the patterns of transition. I raise the following research questions: - What kind education/employment related activities are young people engaged in between the ages of 14 and 20? - How long does it take for them to enter vocational training once they start their search for VET opportunity? - Which individual/familial factors have an influence on entering vocational training sooner or later?
The results of my empirical analyses show that even within the group of "disadvantaged" youth important differences between native-borns and immigrants remain.