National Identity and Antisemitim in Germany: Shoa, Antizionism and Antiamericanism
- International Institute for Education and Research on Antisemitism Berlin, Germany
Based on a qualitative research in Germany and considering current developments related to the Gaza-War, the paper will give an overview about the different forms of articulations of Antisemitism in Germany. It will focus on the relationship between the construction of a German national identity and Antisemitism. The paper will point out that for the construction of a national identity in Germany the Shoa and WW II play a central role. Only specific forms of articulations of Antisemitism are "allowed" in the public and private discourse. The Shoa and WW II are either positively included in the national identity ("we learned from the history - the US, Israel and others didn't"), refused or rejected ("I don't want to hear it anymore") or projected to the Jews or Israel ("Israel is doing the same as the Nazis did to the Jews"). The paper analyzes this relationship among national identity, Antisemitism, Antizionism and Antiamericanism, and will thereby consider the role a "European identity" plays in Germany.