Occupations in the new service sectors: a portrait of current gender inequalities
Falcão Casaca, Sara
Sociology / Social Sciences ISEG-UTL /SOCIUS Lisbon, Portugal
Sociology Socius - Centro de Investigação em Sociologia Económica e das Organizações Lisbon, Portugal
The paper aims to provide a portrait of the complex puzzle of inequalities brought about occupational and employment restructuring in Portugal and Europe in general. A gender perspective is to be followed with regard to the analysis of the development of the so called new occupations in the service sector, complemented by an overview of the mechanisms of segregation which cross different age cohorts. Therefore, the ageism effect is also brought to the discussion.
Besides the revision of the theoretical debate on the topic, the proposed paper is based on statistical figures provided by official national and European databases (Labour Force Surveys). Data will be presented and discussed in order to stress trends and dynamics in the labour market, the labour force composition and in the occupational structure, from a diachronic angle. The period under analysis covers the last ten years, starting with the year of the implementation of the European Employment Strategy (EEE) and the debate on its core objectives, such as to promote a more cohesive society, rooted on full employment, improved job quality, gender equality in the labour market and active ageing strategies.