Social Classes, Age and Values in Europe
Ferreira de Almeida, João
Sociology ISCTE Lisbon, Portugal
Quantitative Methods ISCTE Lisbon, Portugal
Following Schwartz, who advanced the basis for a structural theory of values, motivational goals shape and differentiate those values (Schwartz, 1996). Values can also be understood as an organized and relatively durable system of preferences expressed in a specific culture (Almeida, 1990). Values analysis assumes a central stance in social research
Bearing in mind the actionalist properties of values, their behavioural repercussion, the research program that the authors have being developing in this domain identifies patterns of values connected to social classes. However, other values settings may equally show relevant distinctions, either in an isolated way or combined with social classes, as it is the case, for instance, of age or gender.
Analysing some results of the third round of the European Social Survey (2006), the aim of this presentation is to illustrate how social class and age contribute to differentiate individuals´values.