9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN24 Science and Technology

2009-09-04 13:30:00 2009-09-04 15:00:00 Friday, 4 September 13:30 - 15:00 Research Systems and Networks Building AA, AA.225

Research Politics in Russia: review of reforms in the scientific sphere for the last 17 years

The paper is based on an annual sociological monitoring of science transformation in Russia, which has been caring out by the Centre for Sociological and Science Studies research of IHST of RAS. Research actuality consists of that during the protracted period Russian science was in a state of innermost crisis, there was degradation of scientific complex, which on the whole hid in itself threat for development of country, conduced to the loss of present advantages and prospects.. Necessity of successive and adequate transformations for a scientific environment appeared vitally needed. For successful realization of reforms the attentive study of changes in science is required.
This research helped to retrospectively analyze reforms in Russia?s science over the period of 1991 to 2007 and to define the mainstreams and steps which are undertaken by various groups and representatives of scientific community for an exit from the developed crisis.
There were deep social and economic transformations for last 17 years due to the transition from the Soviet management system to system of market relations and disintegration of Soviet Union in all spheres of the Russian society. Russian science underwent structural changes in organization and administration of science. The occurred changes have caused a number of serious negative consequences in science. It became necessary for the scientific community such kind of reform which would promote modernisation of system of basic researches and adjustment of communication with modern requirements of society.
The reforming period of Russian science may be defined by stages as crisis (1991 to 1996), transformation (1996 to 2001), stagnation (2002 to 2005), a new phase of reforms (2006 to 2008). The transformations which occurred during each period are lighted up in the article in detail.
The special attention is spared to the stage of new phase of reforms. Its measures to reform science are the most significant ones. Their implementation is supposed to crucially enhance the role of science in the Russian society and facilitate Russia?s transition to a stage of stable economic development and helps Russian scientists to become members of international scientific community.