The Romaní Women Movement: Opening Up Spaces
Sordé Martí, Teresa
Sociology Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), Spain
Sociological Theory, Methodology of Social Sciences and Philosophy of Law Universitat de Barcelona Barcelona, Spain
Romà experienced globalization early in their history. This ethnic minority of Indian origin, who has spread out all around the globe, are one of the first people to live beyond the states' boundaries, without their own territory or state. The Romaní rights movement has always mirrored this reality. Thus, Romaní women have not been an exception to it, and in less than twenty years, they have passed from not having any organization by their own to being organized in almost any remote region. The paper would present an analysis of the current Romaní women movement as an example of a contemporary social movement. Romaní women organizations are directing many processes of change in their communities, families and schools. Romaní women, considered one of the pillars for the Romaní culture, have always functioned between the past and the future, as responsible for carrying the culture. At the crossroad of traditions and modernity, Romaní women feminist ideas and strategies are changing gender and family relations, creating new understandings of their identity, generating new opportunities to fully participate in society, and making their own decisions to better face nowadays uncertainties in a globalized world. These organizations are opening up many spaces for dialogue and negotiation about their community and the society in general. Romaní women are not alone in their endeavor. As a result of the actions led by the network of associations that have flourished in the last decades throughout Europe, these transformative dynamics are found at their individual lives and also in their social contexts. An analysis of this social movement, and particularly their claims in terms of opening up spaces of participation in the educational domain for themselves and their communities will be presented.