Creative knowledge environments in technoscientifically different European societies: An empirical comparison of organisational support to Swedish and Croatian researchers in biosciences
Gothenburg Research Institute / Dept of Psychology University of Gothenburg Gothenburg, Sweden
None Institute for Social Research - Zagreb Zagreb, Croatia
The idea behind the framework creative knowledge environments (CKE) is to emphasise which environmental factors influence creativity and innovation in knowledge intensive work fields (Hemlin, Allwood & Martin, 2008). The literature does not tell us much which organisational factors may promote individuals to be creative and produce innovative results. We believe that much more research should be done in this field to find out how to better design creative environments in the future.
We are carrying out a comparative analysis based on Swedish and Croatian survey data in bioscience aiming at exploring, a) which factors were important to a creative output (publication productivity) in R&D, and, b) which were the distinguishing factors across the two countries as measured by the Organisational Support for Innovation Questionnaire (OSIQ). OSIQ was developed by Pirola-Merlo (2000) to measure how influential work environments are for creative action and innovations as perceived by persons in this environment. OSIQ addresses three points of reference: the organisation as a whole, the project being worked on, and the individual. It consists of the three scales: organisational encouragement of innovation, resources and empowerment. The comprehensive scope, level and length of this questionnaire made it suitable in the analysis of organisational R&D environments.
Apart from getting a common picture of organisational support for creativity in R&D we hypothesise that the researchers in biosciences will report also distinguishing features of organisational support due to differences in economic, socio-cultural and technoscientific development. Results of this study will be addressed at the SSTNET meeting and are expected to be relevant for further studies and the design of creative knowledge environments.