Leadership styles in biomedical research groups
van der Weijden, Inge
Science System Assessment Rathenau Instituut The Hague, The Netherlands
An understanding of the determinants of research performance is a prerequisite for designing effective micro and macro research policies. This study examines the relationship between leadership style and research performance of academic groups. It focuses on Dutch medical and health research groups. The effects of managerial initiatives of research leaders, in which leadership style is an example, on research performance are investigated. Over the years several scholars have emphasized the style of leadership as an important aspect of performance. Studies have emphasized the importance of participative or consultative leadership in research groups (e.g., Pineau and Levy-Leboyer, 1983). Also positive relationships are found between transformational (also called charismatic) leadership and outcome variables of research project groups (e.g., Keller, 1995). However, studies concentrating on leadership and research performance leave other managerial control elements beyond the scope of research. In this study also research management activities (van der Weijden et al., 2008), contingencies and personal scientist characteristics are taken into account. Data will be gathered from both biomedical group leaders and (junior as well as senior) staff members. Results of a first pilot study will be presented.
The outcomes of this study are intended to help research groups, the management of the research institutes and individual researchers to arrive at better decisions about future research, research management and policy.