Parasitical economic relationships in the transitional economies: aggravations in the conditions of economic crisis
Institut of Socio-Political Research Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, Russian Federation
Sharp increase of crime and corruption has become one of the most conspicuous features of the Russian society in transition. The bulk of shadow economy including its criminal and corrupted parts is sized by Russian experts up to 40 % GDP. At the beginning of 1990s the extortion racket (the systematic robbery of businessmen) was widely in use; over the last five years the corrupt practices are gaining the advantage. Many sociologists estimate the current situation in the Russian society as critical while using the term "system corruption" to characterize it (the latter understood as corruption that have pervaded all the levels of social system and become an integral part of the system of government).
In my paper I consider the economic banditry (racketeering) and system corruption as a form of parasitical (negative) economic relationship that lock out normal economic development through the deformation of the market relationship and systematic withdrawal of the considerable amount of social product. At the same time the specifics of my point of view would be making the parallel between the criminal-corruptive and some "archaic" (primordial, pre-class, early class) economic relationships, which, in the situation of radical socio-economic transformation, are being brought back to life. I insist that under the conditions of economic crisis the parasitical economic relationships characteristic of most developing countries as well as countries with transitional economies (countries of "peripheral capitalism") prove to block the effectiveness of struggle with emerged economic and social menaces; they are the phenomena worsening the economic crisis.