Basic Human Values on Cultural Level in East and West of Europe
Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies Tallinn University, Estonian Humanitarian Institute Tallinn, Estonia
Europe under its enlargement and integration processes has become overloaded by immigrant populations who carry with them the human value preferences that took shape in rather different living environments than those of their current host country. Thus, in general European countries acquire more and more ethnically flavored layers into their national as well as cultural communities´ value structure. Basic human values are important entities to catch motivational space of different cultural areas. If value structures can be treated as stabilizing mechanisms resulting from the process of socialization then we have tools describing how politically-socially-culturally different and changing human environments function. Also it will be possible to test how strong these value constellations are to the adding "otherness" makes them to reconfigure?
But first of all there must be clear understanding which basic value constellations Europe already has. Do European ethno-linguistic value-fields look more unified or diverse? Do Eastern and Western Europeans share only partly basic human values constellations and which values show the watershed? Do cross-cultural comparable surveys (ESS, ISSP, WVS, EVS etc) could deal with such problem?
In the paper we will use the Shalom Schwartz - Portrait Value Questionnaire 21 - item version from the three rounds (2002, 2004 and 2006) of the European Social Survey presenting 39 ethno-linguistic communities of more than 120 thousand respondents. This paper will describe and analyze the value constellations of similarity and dissimilarity at cultural ethno-linguistic-community level in the multidimensional scaling space. Evaluation of the correctness of the highly aggregated circular model of basic human values (by Shalom Schwartz) will be done separately for East and West of Europe. It allows estimation of how homogeneous and isotropic value constellations in different parts of Europe are.