Cosmopolitanism and social theory, as a contribution to the european sociology
institut des sciences sociales CNRS/ Université paris X PARIS, FRANCE
The first step analyzes the different dimensions of the cosmopolitanism in the sociological debate, as ethical cosmopolitanism, as cultural cosmopolitanism, as political cosmopolitanism. So can be specified, how cosmopolitanism issues contribute to new frames in cultural exchange and cultural integration, to the component of collective identity .The second purpose intends to assess the contributions of the cosmopolitan debates to European issue, not only as internal integration (national welfare and social cohesion) but also to specify the external modes of integration (migrations, cultural exchange with other countries).
This new axiology for cultural exchanges with appeal to global justice can be compared with each national development of the thematic (UK, France, Germany) between conception of social integration and visions for cosmopolitanism. In this frame, the thesis of Esping Andersen, U Beck and E Durkheim can be discussed. The meaningful sociological methodology combines purposively these two levels of analyzis.