Disability, education and employment in Europe: A comparative study
Department of Social Science Bodoe University College Bodoe, Norway
Department of Social Science Bodø University College Bodoe, Norway
Enabling people with disabilities to entering the labor market has been an important goal within disabiliy policy in most European Countries, as well as in the EU. However, while people with disabilities represent around one sixth of the overall EU working age population, their employment rate is comparatively low. Disabled people are almost twice as likely to be left out of the labor market as non-disabled people. Many argues that the main way of achieve increased employment for people with disabilities is to strenghten their access to education.
In the paper, we explore the relationship between education and employment for people with disability in Europe. Using data from the EQLS (European Quality of Life Studies), we want in particular to focus upon two interrelaed questions. The first questions concernes the impact of education in increasing employment rates among people with disabilities. How much of the variation in employment rates for people with disabilities in European Countries could be explained by differences in education? Imbedded in this question is a discussion on whether (and why) the inclusion prosesses have been more successfull in education than in employment. The second question we adress in the paper concerns to what degreee the relationship between education and employment for people with disailities vary between different countries which by a model developed from Esping Andersen's model could be classifyed as different Welfare Regimes.