Mediatised science: science and technology has a media issue
Rui, Brito Fonseca
Sociology CIES/ISCTE LISBON, PORTUGAL
This presentation aims to discuss the public understanding of science and technology, namely, it aims to question the last 30 years of science and technology, in Portuguese newspapers.
Taking Science and Technology published in national newspapers has representative and source of the whole science and technology media coverage, this presentation goal it is to build a landscape of Portuguese science and technology media coverage, between 1976 and 2005.
It seems clear that for scientific activity to be understood, the communication of science plays a central role. The representation of science by the mass media possesses, thus autonomy before the scientific activity playing, relatively to this, different social functions.
Starting with the approval of the first Portuguese democratic Constitution, this paper analyses science and technology newspaper coverage, in Portugal.
This has been a period of major changes in Portugal, namely in science and technology. In 1976, Portugal had almost no investments in science and technology and science and technology weren't an important issue. Are science and technology noticeable now? Does science sells newspapers? Are science and technology popular issues?
Based on, a quantitative and qualitative, analysis of thousands of newspaper articles published in four major national, daily and paid Portuguese newspapers (two "popular" and two "quality" newspapers), this presentation develops a portrait of what has been the media coverage of science and technology, and discusses trends and transitions, between 1976 and 2005.
This discussion it is a chapter of a wider research that aims to discuss and characterize the presence of science and technology in the Portuguese newspapers.