Discourses about Islam and Muslims in Spain: dimensions, frames and logics of exclusion
Instituto de Estudios Sociales Avanzados Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas Córdoba, Spain
The main objective of this paper is to present some results of an investigation about Perceptions and Attitudes towards Islam and Muslims in Spain. 11 focus-groups among the Spanish population were held. Through the analysis of the discourses produced, we have identified the next five dimensions of opinions towards this religion and its believers: 1) association with fanaticism; 2) ?moro? bias; 3) misunderstanding of Muslim religiosity; 4) integration of future generations; 5) subordination of women. Firstly, we present these dimensions and then we show if and how they are related to some topics (and frames) such as, political citizenship (nation-state), social rights (welfare state), economic utilitarianism (capitalist state) and cultural values (ethic state). Secondly, on the basis of these connections we built three Ideal-types (pre-modern, modern and post-modern dicourses) and six subtypes of dicourses. Finally, we try to see if these dimensions and Ideal-types can be intertwined with logics such as, racism, xenophobia, cultural racism and islamophobia.