The "Anomalous Wave" 2008 University Movement in Italy: a Self-research case-study in Catania
DAPPSI University of Catania Catania, Italy
Last Autumn 2008, a student movement (Anomalous Wave) against the university reform promoted by the Education Minister M. S. Gelmini (centre-right Berlusconi government) arose in Italy. During the mobilization, a group of student-activists and researchers of the Faculty of Political Sciences in Catania decided to investigate the overall movement they belonged to, using the analytical and methodological tools provided by political and social sciences. The goal was to better known and understand the aims, interests, preferences, demands and evaluations of the larger constituency of the movement, beyond the narrow circle of the leaders and activists. They made a survey through the elaboration of a questionnaire (mostly composed by questions with open answers) administered to the participants to the demonstrations in Catania, during the university mobilization.
In this paper I will present, firstly, the findings provided by the elaboration of the collected data, regarding the following characteristics of the demonstrators; socio-graphical data; cognitive frames (motivations, aims, causes and targets, alternative solutions); strategies and forms of action adopted and preferred; individual participation and/or group membership; previous protest and political experiences; evaluations on participation, mass-media role, movement allies and opponents; political preferences. Moreover, I will reflect on the impact the self-research had on the movement outcomes concerning both the targets of the activists and their strategies and forms of action at local and national level.