Value change at youths in Eastern Europe - a longitudinal and cross-national analysis
Sociology Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu Sibiu, Romania
Sociology Babes Bolyai University of Cluj Napoca Cluj Napoca, Romania
Large-scale studies that developed the last three decades, offered the opportunity for more and more longitudinal and cross-national analyses. European Values Study Series (among other like WVS, ISSP, ESS, and EES) is one of them. Many comparative studies using EVS data were published, a lot of them, mainly dedicated to Western European countries, searching for value change and value similarities / dissimilarities (Arts, Hagenaars & Halman, 2003; Arts & Halman, 2004; Ester, Braun & Vinken, 2006; etc).
Although starting with the beginning of 90's EVS extended to East, there are not as many comparative studies dedicated to the Eastern European countries. In our paper, we employ both a longitudinal and cross national analysis, dedicated to value change at youths (people between 18 to 35 in our samples) in Eastern Europe. "What are the trends in youth's values orientations?" and "How do they vary between countries and generations?" are the main research questions in our study.
We move beyond a particularist view of values, that is focused on a specific value domain (i.e. religious values, family values, work values, political values, etc.), and employ a dimensionalist perspective, focusing on a value system. We will use EVS / WVS 1990-2006 data sets from Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany East, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Romania. A special attention is given to Romania, where 2008 data will also be included in the analyses. The main method employed is multi-group confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA); we are testing for measurement invariance (configural, metric and scalar) and then compare the means of the latent variables (values).