Trends in value orientations in Eastern and Western Europe: a comparative analysis
Sociology Babes Bolyai University of Cluj Napoca Cluj Napoca, Romania
Sociology Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu Sibiu, Romania
Today, many comparative studies, at European level, are available (i.e. EVS, ISSP, ESS). Many of them search for value similarities / dissimilarities and value change especially in the Western European countries (Arts, Hagenaars & Halman, 2003; Arts & Halman, 2004; Ester, Braun & Vinken, 2006; etc). Although starting with the beginning of 90´s EVS extended to East, there are not as many comparative studies dedicated to the Eastern European countries too.
In our paper, we employ both a longitudinal and cross national analysis, dedicated to value change in 10 countries form the European Union. 'What are the trends in value orientations and how do they vary between countries?', 'Is there a dynamic towards cross-national value convergence between the Eastern and Western European countries?' are the main research questions in our study.
We move beyond a particularist view of values, that is focused on a specific value domain (i.e. religious values, family values, work values, political values, etc.), and employ a dimensionalist perspective, focusing on a value system. We will use EVS / WVS 1990-2006 A special attention is given to Romania, where 2008 data will also be included in the analyses. The main method employed is multi-group confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA); we are testing for measurement invariance (configural, metric and scalar) and then compare the means of the latent variables (values).