Specificity of Legal Culture of Young Russians
Lidia M., Kurakina
Head of Department of Humanity Sciences Syzran branch of Samara Technical University Syzran, Samara Region, Russia
Forming legal culture is the important part of the political socialization of a person. Study of legal culture of modern Russian youth was conducted on the basis of sociological poll in Syzran (n=504, November 2008). We used estimative and behavioral exponents as the basic indicators of the state of legal socialization, among them: attitude to the work of militia; degree of readiness to assist militiamen.
As our research has shown, 50.0 % of young citizens estimate the work of divisional militiamen positively; the level of trust makes 46.3 %. On average, young people estimate the work of militia lower in comparison with older respondents.
Degree of readiness to assist militiamen is a more significant parameter of legal socialization of the youth. On average, 14.9 % of young respondents (27.6 % throughout the community) expressed readiness to assist militia in case of need, 59.7 % (51.3 % of the whole number of the respondents) are not ready to render assistance. The above-mentioned correlation looks even more depressing regarding students: 9.0 % are ready to assist; 63.6 % are not ready.
Legal nihilism of modern Russian youth cannot be perceived only as an informative-cognitive fact of the modern reality. It is necessary to search for more effective forms of interaction between militia and youth. In fact, young people may represent not only the potential of positive changes, but also a possible factor of social and political instability.