9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN07 Sociology of Culture

2009-09-05 15:30:00 2009-09-05 17:00:00 Saturday, 5 September 15:30 - 17:00 Cultural Globalisation Building II, C4.06

Debatable aspects of the cultural globalization

Debatable aspects of the cultural globalization

The problem of globalization is still under discussion in the world research community. However, its main theoretical principles have already been set in the sociology of culture.
At the same time, there are some debatable matters. Firstly. Globalization is often interpreted as a complicated, controversial, and irreversible process. The continuing discussions about involvement/non-involvement in the globalization process are inefficient, at least. We should consider it as a reality, concentrating mostly on the opening possibilities for the world and models for eliminating dangerous consequences.
Secondly. Some experts believe that in the globalization the following two tendencies are struggling with each other: a tendency to development and progress of the mankind and a tendency to its destruction. However, globalization as any new process in the renewed geopolitical situation can be characterized not only in the negative, but also in the positive continuum. For example, the fact of access to the world cultural achievements proves the positive influence made by the globalization process.
Thirdly. In the era of globalization the problem of global management or the problem of democratic government is of paramount importance. Here the following three tendencies can be found: 1) consider democracy as an imperative of political regime development in certain countries, which will inevitably lead to the democratic world relations; 2) believe that world relations are formed by the main three groups of actors: nations, transnational networks and entrepreneurs (communities or closed societies); 3) conception of ?cosmopolitan democracy? (D. Held) in which a new system of relations is replacing the relations related to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia and the relations formed after World War II (UN).
From this point of view there are two hypothetic models in the cultural globalization: 1) globalization gives a new quality to all spheres of the human life (the essence of this quality is unknown except for partial understanding of its economic aspect); 2) globalization consequences are unpredictable (a global catastrophe is possible).