Earning or learning? Russian students´ secondary employment research
Social anthropology and social work Saratov State Technical University Saratov, Russia
The significant social and economic changes, taking place in the Russian society during the last decades, have greatly and mostly affected higher education and labour market. These two social institutes are the intersection, where the phenomenon of a working student becomes apparent. The student - worker launched on the labour market today by the system of higher education from its each level, is a kind of conductor - translator between the labour market and the sphere of education. He/she introduces into the labour market values and skills acquired during his/her study, and on the other hand into the university world the spirit of reality and practical skills received in productive process. We need to question: who is a modern student - worker - a working student or a learning worker? Bearing in mind this question we carried out a research to get the answer to it. The methods of questionnaire (N=300) and biographic interview were used. The research was carried out among the students of three high schools of Saratov. Data, received during the research, shows that, trying to observe the balance and to adapt to the labour market, in overwhelming majority of cases the student makes the choice in favour of work with the purpose of satisfaction of material needs and accumulation of the labour experience. Besides, the biographic interviews have shown the ability of the modern student for the fast integration in the sphere of employment, his/her orientation on personal development and solution of his/her own material problems by means of realization of external and internal resources. This research can be a basis for the development of the recommendations aimed at improvement of the situation in the students´ labour market.