Abandoned children in Russia: regional and municipal resources of the control
Social Anthropology and Social Work Saratov State Technical University Saratov, Russian Federation
Social policy administrative reform in Russia has strengthened powers of regions to define priorities of social policy and to distribute resources, both material, and administrative, between the administrative bodies, taking part in social problems resolution. Many regions in Russia see the situation with the growing level of abandoned children as one of the most urgent social problem. However the financial status of region essentially influences resources which municipalities posses for realization of preventive actions in this sphere. Transfer of significant proportion of the responsibility for the social orphans problem resolution from the federal level to the regional and further, to the municipal ones, minimizes the effectiveness of administrative bodies and social services efforts, acting in the regions with deficit budgets. This paper addresses three major questions: (1) What is adequate and purposeful strategy of the state in the sphere of child maltreatment control? This includes a discussion on the macro forces determining the coordination of different social agents efforts. (2) What are opportunities and resources of the region in conditions when conflicting administrative interests not always promote the precise organization of preventive actions? This part analyses the role of social agents involved in the child protection policy measures directed on the social orphans level decreasing. (3) How does a system of inter-agency collaboration addresses the contradictory interests of the parents, abandoned child, social agents in the community with limited resources and increasing level of the risk families? By analyzing results of inter-agency collaboration case-study connections will be drawn between the macro and micro factors influencing effective prevention of child maltreatment as well as adequate level of intervention. At conclusion this paper shows spheres of contradictions in the state and region child protection policy as well as resources for its optimization.