9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN07 Sociology of Culture

2009-09-05 13:30:00 2009-09-05 15:00:00 Saturday, 5 September 13:30 - 15:00 Cultural Policies, Planning and Impact Building II, C4.07

The Culture-Based Developmentt (CBD) Theory and Method of Expressing the Link: Culture as a Resource for Sustainable Development

The influence of cultural capital of an area on the productivity level of its labour force and the effect on its socio-economic development is one of the mechanisms of the impact of culture on sustainable development. The aim of our paper is to construct an econometric model based on our theoretically developed ?cultural productivity function? expressing this influence. The model can be applied in developmental planning.
The paper will be structured as follows: The first part provides a critical review of the three most widely recognized concepts of cultural impact on development: Bourdieu, Florida and Throsby. Each of them provides alternative interpretation of cultural (creative) capital. However the literature goes to evident extremes when testing the validity of these concepts. We identify two bottlenecks in the structure of the three models: 1) omission of important variables of culture and 2) incompliancy between the production functions they use and the real dynamics of the phenomena. Applying parts of the concepts of Bourdie, Florids, Throsby, we construct our own Culture-Based Development (CBD) model and augment it with several developmental indicators.
The second part of the paper is devoted to an own empirical analysis. On the basis of a large microdata panel data for German regions for the period 1975 to 2004, we aim to test our CBD model through a longitudinal analysis. The CBD determined channels of cultural impact, reflected by the right side of our equation which impacts the endogenous variable ?sustainable development? on the left side. Actually neither the channels nor the influenced variable is directly measurable. Hence we opted for the Partial Least Squares Pathmodelling technique as which uses latent variables for modelling the supposed causal relationships. Through PLS-PM methodology our CBD model will be able to identify the influence of the single cultural channels and their strength. The reliability and validity of the model itself and its underlying measures will be validated by diverse fit indices.
In conclusion we present the consequences of our results for the usefulness of CBD for explaining regional differences in socio-economic development. Additionally, the applicability of our model in strategic planning is discussed.